Friday, May 5, 2017

Horatio Hornblower, R.N., by Elizabeth Junner McLaughlin

                In his Hornblower stories C.S. Forester combines historical accuracy with exciting adventure. We meet seventeen year old Horatio in the first book, Mr. Midshipman Hornblower, when he is commissioned to service as a midshipman in the Royal Navy. The date is January, 1794, five years after the start of the French Revolution.

Horatio is a quiet lad, not really at ease in society, totally inexperienced and further burdened by a nervous stutter. Like his famous namesake, Horatio Nelson, young Hornblower is desperately seasick at the start of every voyage. Added to Hornblower’s inadequacies for adaption to life at sea is his fear of heights, so it is scarcely surprising he is given a really hard time by his fellow midshipmen who consider him totally unfit for a life at sea.
Though desperately unhappy, Hornblower carries out his duties faithfully and well. The worst of Horatio’s bullies is Midshipman Simpson, a man in his thirties who has failed the Lieutenant’s exam so many times he knows he will never get promotion. Eventually Hornblower challenges Simpson to a duel with pistols. His captain, by now well aware of Hornblower’s potential, steps in to ensure neither pistol is loaded. Later the captain arranges for Hornblower’s transfer to another ship, HMS Indefatigable. Aboard Indefatigable Hornblower is plunged into war with the French. He is given charge of a captured brig, loses it, tangles with Spaniards, is confined to a Spanish prison, and is finally released.
Arrived back in England, Hornblower achieves the rank of Lieutenant. In The Happy Return (entitled Beat to Quarters in the U.S.A.), he is now a Captain, under orders to sail his frigate, HMS Lydia, into South American waters to track down, pursue and sink the Spanish two-decker Natividad, a ship with nearly twice as much firepower as the Lydia.
 Having successfully completed his mission to sink the Natividad, Hornblower sets out in quest of further victories. 

Alas, in A Ship of the Line, Hornblower meets with ignominious defeat and the humiliation of yielding his ship to the French. He himself is taken prisoner.  Facing death, Hornblower witnesses firsthand the horrors of the guillotine.  

Eventually he escapes from Napoleon's martinets as he is being taken to face a firing squad. After many adventures he makes his way down the Loire and to freedom in Flying Colours.

Hornblower and the Crisis brings our hero to the battle of Trafalgar, and, in fierce hand-to-hand fighting, the most desperate battle of his life.

Following the death of Nelson at Trafalgar, Horatio leaves a nation in mourning and returns to the fray against Bonaparte’s navy in Hornblower and the Atropos. 

To conclude this blog, when asked what he thought of the Hornblower books a youthful reader enthused, "Oh, they're incomparable. Terrific writing. C.S. Forester is fantastically knowledgeable but never tedious on technical things. You get such a feel for the period. The lifestyles, politics, attitudes, day to day living, all that sort of thing. And with gripping stories underpinning it all."  What better praise could be given the series, what greater hook to entice readers of historical fiction?

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